ページの先頭です。 メニューを飛ばして本文へ
Current Location Home > 分類でさがす > くらし・手続き > がいこくじんのみなさんへ > English > English > History of Peace Declarations

本文

Article ID:0100009736Updated on:2019年10月21日更新印刷ページ表示

History of Peace Declarations

平和記念式典の写真

Since 1947, the Mayor of Hiroshima has delivered a Peace Declaration on August 6 every year except 1950 (however the speech in 1951 was called Message from the Mayor.) The features of the declaration are as follows:

1947 First Peace Declaration delivered at the first Peace Festival

1950 Fourth Peace Festival canceled (no Peace Declaration)

1951 Message from the Mayor instead of Peace Declaration

1954 Shortest text to date (320 letters in Japanese)

1955 First reference to the plight of survivors

1956 First appearance of the words "Ban on atomic and hydrogen bombs"

1958 First explicit appeal for a ban on atomic and hydrogen bombs

1962 Importance of conveying A-bomb experiences to posterity

1963 Praise for the conclusion of the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

1965 Banning of atomic and hydrogen bombs and  the complete renunciation of all war; regret for the Vietnam War

1968 Clear criticism of the policy of nuclear deterrence

1971 Necessity of education for peace

1972 First reference to the United Nations; problems besides war (environment, natural resources, etc.); first use of the phrase "Spirit of Hiroshima"

1973 Strong criticism of the nuclear powers

1974 Prevention of nuclear proliferation; first concrete proposal to the United Nations

1975 Detailed accounting of the reality of the A-bomb damage

1977 Report on the visit of the mayors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki to the UN Headquarters

1978 Praise for the UN Special Session on Disarmament

1979 Problems of radiation exposure; first reference to problems of hunger and poverty; measures to aid A-bomb survivors

1980 Regret for the problem of refugees from the Middle East and Southeast Asia; hopes for the enactment of the A-bomb Victims' Relief Law

1981 First mention of the "three non-nuclear principles"

1982 Report on the mayor's appeal to the UN Special Session, proposal for city solidarity and establishing an international institute for research on peace in Hiroshima

1983 Hiroshima and Nagasaki mayors' promotion of the Program to Promote Solidarity of Cities Towards the Total Abolition of Nuclear Weapons

1985 Holding the World Conference of Mayors for Peace through Inter-city Solidarity; hopes for youth during the International Youth Year

1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident in the Soviet Union; human rights suppression issues

1987 The 10th anniversary of UN Disarmament week; expectations for the Third Special Session of the UN General Assembly on Disarmament to be held during the coming year

1988 Results of the Third Special Session of the UN General Assembly on Disarmament

1989 The Third World Conference of Mayors for Peace through Inter-city Solidarity

1990 Praise and hopes for nuclear disarmament; making the "three non-nuclear principles" into law; denuclearization of the Asia-Pacific region; first mention of support for non-Japanese A-bomb survivors

1991 First use of the expression, "hibakusha"; first Peace Declaration of Mayor Takashi Hiraoka; apology to the people in the Asia-Pacific region; regret for the Persian Gulf War; first use of expression "Hibakusha Relief Law"

1992 Clear rejection of the argument of nuclear deterrence; report on the UN Conference on Disarmament Issues in Hiroshima

1993 Warning against the movement for indefinite extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty; request to the Japanese government to promptly settle post-war treatment issues

1994 Significance of the A-bomb Dome becoming a World Heritage; opposition to the indefinite extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

1995 Assertion that the atomic bomb is clearly an inhumane weapon that violates international law; call to establish a new nuclear-free zone in the Asian-Pacific region; assertion that war must be reexamined from the perspectives of both perpetrator and victim to enable a common understanding of history

1996 Declaration by the International Court of Justice on the illegality of the use of nuclear weapons; hopes for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty; statement that the lives and the deaths following the bombing of Hiroshima must touch hearts and that this culture of peace must become part of humanity's shared legacy; necessity of archiving the extensive documentation on the bombing

1997 Unease concerning the future of the scientific and technological civilization; protest against US subcritical nuclear testing; requesting that the Japanese government work to construct a security structure that does not rely on a "nuclear umbrella"

1998 Protest against the nuclear tests conducted by India and Pakistan; calling for the conclusion of a "treaty for the non-use of nuclear weapons"; mention about the establishment of the Hiroshima Peace Institute

1999 Looking back on Hiroshima's history, expressing gratitude to the hibakusha for their contribution; emphasizing the paramount importance of world leaders forging the will to abolish nuclear weapons

2000 Looking back on the 20th century, a century in which scientific technology magnified the danger of war; appealing to the world to break chains of hatred and violence and clear a path to reconciliation; vowing that Hiroshima will make a new start as a city spreading the spirit of reconciliation through the world and exemplifying reconciliation between humankind and science and technology

2001 First Peace Declaration of the 21st century; appealing for humankind to muster the courage to accept reconciliation and humanity as the way to create a century of peace and humanity, announcing intent to make Hiroshima soar to new heights as a city of humanity and a spiritual home for all people

2002 Expressing grave concern that the world is locked in cycles of revenge and the logic of power; announcing plans to make Hiroshima a spiritual home for all people; vowing to honor the collective human memory of Hiroshima and to make the 21st century a century of peace and humanity; urging the U.S. government and its people to renounce the logic of power; warning the Japanese government against making Japan a "normal country" capable of making war

2003 Expressing concern over of the global trend toward the rule of power versus the rule of law, strongly criticizing the U.S. for forcing its will on the world; calling on the members of the Mayors for Peace to join in an emergency action to achieve the abolition of nuclear weapons through the NPT Review Conference: calling on influential leaders of the world to pray, speak, and act daily to bring about the abolition of nuclear weapons; demanding that the Japanese government make three new non-nuclear principles - "allow no production, allow no possession, and allow no use of nuclear weapons" - national precepts; urging the Japanese government for the first time to provide support to all hibakusha, including those exposed in "black rain areas"

2004 Declaring the one-year period ending on August 9, 2005 as a "Year of Remembrance and Action for a Nuclear-Free World"; resolving to abolish nuclear weapons by the year 2020; expressing expectation that as an expression of their love for humanity American citizens will discharge their duty as the lone superpower to eliminate nuclear weapons; expressing intent to promote the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Peace Study Course, implement projects to read eyewitness accounts of the atomic bombings, and deliver to the world the message of the atomic bomb survivors; demanding that the Japanese government defend the Peace Constitution and work diligently to rectify the trend toward open acceptance of war and nuclear weapons; appealing for support of the Emergency Campaign to Ban Nuclear Weapons, looking towards the NPT Review Conference

2005 Expressing a need to establish an axiom of “Thou shalt not kill” especially, “Thou shalt not kill children,” as the highest priority of the human race; designating the period until August 9, 2006 as a year of inheritance, of awakening, and of commitment, and announced the development of various projects for nuclear-weapons abolition; proposing that the First Committee of the UN General Assembly establish a special committee to deliberate and plan for the achievement and maintenance of a nuclear-weapon-free world.

2006 Indicating that obligations for nuclear disarmament are not being upheld despite 10 years having passed since the International Court of Justice handed down an advisory opinion that “...the threat or use of nuclear weapons would generally be contrary to the rules of international law”; announcing the Good Faith Challenge, a campaign to promote the good-faith negotiations for nuclear disarmament, and the Cities Are Not Targets (CANT) project demanding that nuclear-weapon states stop targeting cities for nuclear attack

2007 Expressing the importance of the message that was born from the suffering of the hibakusha; insisting that we must never forget their accomplishments in preventing a third use of nuclear weapons by speaking of experiences they would rather forget; indicating that because of a handful of old-fashioned leaders, clinging to an early 20th century worldview in thrall to the rule of brute strength, the human family faced the peril of extinction, recognizing the 21st century as a time in which our problems can actually be solved through the power of the people, calling attention to examples of human wisdom, which has led to democratic governments and international rules, giving cities across the world the ability to rise up with their citizens to leverage their voices to lift international politics; pledging to take all actions required to bequeath to future generations a nuclear-weapon-free world

2008 Asserting the truth that the only role for nuclear weapons is to be abolished; indicating that the majority of world citizens seek nuclear weapons abolition; expressing expectation that the new president of the United States will listen to the majority, for whom human survival is the top priority; announcing that Mayors for Peace proposed the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol to realize a world without nuclear weapons by 2020; indicating the importance of a “paradigm shift” toward modeling the world on intercity relationships built on mutual understanding and trust; expressing the hope that the G8 Speakers’ Meeting in Hiroshima will help spread the hibakusha philosophy around the world

2009 Pointing out that the hibakusha who are still suffering have been granted legal support through the courageous court decision accepting the fact that the effects of radiation on the human body have yet to be fully elucidated; Suggesting that we refer to ourselves as the “Obamajority,” the great global majority that supports the abolition of nuclear weapons; stating that global democracy that respects the majority will of the world and solves problems through the power of the people has truly begun to grow; proposing the creation of a “Lower House” of the UN to deliver the voices of the people directly to the UN; calling on the world’s citizens to come together and fully strive to eliminate nuclear weapons

2010 Asserting that the hibakusha’s message that “no one else should ever suffer as we did” is a beacon to the world; pointing out that the Final Document passed at the NPT Review Conference this year confirms that our future depends on the steps articulated by Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and Mayors for Peace; stating that through the voice of civil society and the leadership of UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon and President Obama, this year’s NPT Review Conference was a success; calling upon the Japanese prime minister to commit himself to the hibakusha’s dreams of a nuclear-weapon-free world and demonstrate his leadership; announcing that we will follow the Hiroshima Appeal adopted at the Hiroshima Conference for the Total Abolition for Nuclear Weapons by 2020

2011 Incorporating two A-bomb survivors' experiences; expressing our determination to learn from all the hibakusha what they experienced and their desire for peace, and communicating what we learn to future generations and the rest of the world; announcing our commitment to expand Mayors for Peace; urging all countries, especially the nuclear-armed states, including the United States of America, which continues its subcritical nuclear testing and related experiments, to pursue enthusiastically a process that will abolish nuclear weapons; announcing that we will strive to host an international conference to discuss the nuclear non-proliferation regime; urging the Japanese government to quickly review our energy policies and institute concrete countermeasures, referring to the Great East Japan Earthquake and the accident at Tokyo Electric Power Company’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

2012 Including three A-bomb survivors' experiences; introducing the fact that the city has begun training official hibakusha successors; calling on policymakers from nuclear-armed nations to visit Hiroshima in order to think about peace; calling on the Japanese government to take leadership towards nuclear weapons abolition; touching upon the fact that the experiences of the sufferers from the Great East Japan Earthquake disaster and nuclear accident overlap with those of the A-bomb survivors, and that our hearts are with them; urging the Japanese government to quickly establish energy measures to protect the lives and safety of the citizens, and to make the political decision to expand the black rain areas

2013 Including five A-bomb survivors' experiences; calling for everyone to act as a momentum in working for nuclear weapons abolition, in response to the wishes of the A-bomb survivors; calling on the policymakers of the world to visit Hiroshima and apply their resources to a new security system based on trust and dialogue; calling for the efforts of involved countries to work towards the denuclearization of North Korea and to establish the Northeast Asia nuclear-weapon-free zone; urging the Japanese government to strengthen ties with other countries calling for nuclear abolition, based on the inhumanity of nuclear weapons and to improve its support measures for the A-bomb survivors and for those exposed to the black rain, and expand the black rain areas; calling upon the Japanese government to establish responsible energy initiatives that put top priority on the lives and safety of the people

2014 Including three A-bomb survivors' experiences; indicating that we should put ourselves in the place of the A-bomb survivors, imagine their experiences, communicate, think and act together with them to build a peaceful world without nuclear weapons; pledging to strengthen international public demand for the start of negotiations on a nuclear weapons convention and for promoting measures towards the illegalization of nuclear weapons, focused on their inhumanity; calleingon the policymakers of the world to visit the A-bombed cities and apply their resources to a new security system based on trust and dialogue; urgeingthe Japanese government to accept the full weight of the fact that we have avoided war for 69 years thanks to the noble pacifism of the Japanese Constitution, and to continue as a nation of peace in both word and deed

2015 Presenting “generosity” and “love for humanity” as the principles necessary to firm up one’s belief in nuclear weapons abolition, which would then serve as motivation toward this goal; included two A-bomb survivors' experiences relevant to this topic; calling on everyone to contemplate the nuclear problem as their own, because as long as nuclear weapons exist, anyone could become a hibakusha at any time; urging policymakers of the world to visit the A-bombed cities and to create broadly versatile security systems that do not depend on military might; pledging to strive toward negotiations for a nuclear weapons convention and abolition of nuclear weapons by 2020; calling on the Japanese government, in its role as bridge between the nuclear- and non-nuclear-weapon states, to guide all states toward these discussions; offering Hiroshima as the venue for dialogue and outreach

2016 Presenting “passion” and “unity” as the principles necessary to strengthen one’s belief in nuclear weapons abolition, which would then serve as motivation toward this goal; including two A-bomb survivors' experiences relevant to this topic; quoting part of US President Obama’s speech, “… among those nations like my own that hold nuclear stockpiles, we must have the courage to escape the logic of fear, and pursue a world without them,” which was given during his visit to Hiroshima; once again urging policymakers of the world to visit the A-bombed cities, and expressed support for young people in starting to take action; expressing expectations for Prime Minister Abe to display leadership with President Obama; pointing out that a legal framework banning nuclear weapons was indispensable to realize a nuclear-weapon-free world

2017 Presenting “conscience” and “in good faith” as the principles necessary to strengthen one’s belief in nuclear weapons abolition, which would then serve as motivation toward this goal; including two A-bomb survivors' experiences relevant to this topic; touching upon the adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) with support from 122 countries; calling on nations to advance efforts toward a world without nuclear weapons; calling on the Japanese government to do everything in its power to bridge the gap between the nuclear-weapon and non-nuclear-weapon states, thereby facilitating the ratification of the TPNW; encouraging people to visit Hiroshima to take to heart the hibakusha's wish for nuclear abolition, to broaden the circle of empathy to the entire world; calling on young visitors to expand the circle of friendship as ambassadors for nuclear abolition

2018 Presenting “reason” and “continuation” as the principles necessary to strengthen one’s belief in nuclear weapons abolition; including two A-bomb survivors' experiences relevant; pointing out that the ICAN won the Nobel Peace Prize and the spirit of the hibakusha is spreading through the world, but certain countries are blatantly proclaiming self-centered nationalism, rekindling tensions that had eased with the end of the Cold War; appealing for continuous talking about Hiroshima, and efforts to eliminate nuclear weapons based on intelligent actions by leaders around the world;  appealing that the approach of nuclear deterrence and nuclear umbrellas is unstable and dangerous, thus calling on world leaders to negotiate in good faith the elimination of nuclear arsenals and to strive to make the TPNW a milestone along the path to a nuclear-weapon-free world; calling on the Japanese government to play its role in the movement toward the entry into force of the TPNW to lead the international community toward dialogue and cooperation for a world without nuclear weapons

2019 Urging to recall that our elders pursued an ideal, a world beyond war, and undertook to construct a system of international cooperation; including two hibakusha's experiences and quoting a tanka poem by a hibakusha for the first time; appealing for "tolerance" to achieve a peaceful, sustainable world by introducing Mahatoma Gandhi's words; calling on coming generations not to dismiss the atomic bombings and the war as mere events of the past; calling on world leaders to move forward with civil society and remember the US and USSR predecessors manifested reason and turned to dialogue to seek disarmament; urging the national government to accede to the hibakusha's request that the TPNW signed and ratified and display leadership in taking the next step toward a world free from nuclear weapons

2020 Calling on the civil society to unite against a new threat of the novel coronavirus through learning from the tragedies of the past; quoting words of a hibakusha, Pope Francis, and Ogata Sadako to highlight the importance of solidarity; asserting that Hiroshima considers it our duty to build in civil society a consensus that the people of the world must unite to achieve nuclear weapons abolition and lasting world peace; urging world leaders to strengten their determination to make the framework of the NPT and TPNW function effectively; urging the Japanese government to become a party to the TPNW and persuade the global public to unite with the spirit of Hiroshima and demanding the political decision to expand the "black rain areas" 

Related Information

Inquiries Regarding This Page

Peace Promotion Division
Citizens Affairs Bureau
Tel:082-242-7831/Fax:082-242-7452
E-mail:peace@city.hiroshima.lg.jp


コロナ

コロナ(やさしい日本語)

Note Regarding Links

Please note some links on this page may navigate to our Japanese website.

外国人市民のための生活ガイドブック

英語のバナーの画像<外部リンク>

hirotabi<外部リンク>

  • Hiroshima Peaceのバナー画像<外部リンク>
  • 広島市へ寄付