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City Tree and City Flower

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City Tree and City Flower

1. Intent of Designation

A tree and a flower that are closely connected with the daily lives of the city residents and are affectionately regarded as symbolic of the locality should be designated as the "City Tree" and the "City Flower" with the aim of fostering an ethos for the greening of the city.

2. Selection Procedure and Results

In August 1973 it was decided to have the city residents vote to select a "City Tree" and a "City Flower" in accordance with the above intent. To that end it was determined to prepare in advance a short-list of candidate trees and flowers, as it was felt that having the people choose any tree and flower they felt suitable would produce excessively vague results.
This task was tackled by an 8-person "City Tree and Flower Selection Committee" (composed of 2 City Council members, 2 academic experts, 1 mediaperson and 3 municipal employees) which on 29th September settled on camphor (Cinnamonum camphora, KUSUNOKI), southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora, TAISANBOKU) and kurogane holly(Ilex rotunda , KUROGANEMOCHI) as the candidate trees and cotton rose hibiscus (Hibiscus mutabilis, HUYO), canna (Canna generalis, KANNA) and oleander (Nerium indicum, KYOCHIKUTO) as the candidate flowers.
Votes on the short-listed candidates were invited via voting leaflets folded into the 3 October editions of six newspapers. Voting leaflets were also made available at all municipal facilities. Votes were accepted from October 3 through 27.
On October 29 the votes were counted and the highest-scoring candidates, namely camphor (Cinnamonum camphora, KUSUNOKI) and oleander (Nerium indicum, KYOCHIKUTO), were chosen as the City Tree and City Flower respectively. The detailed vote-count is given in the table below.

City Tree vote-count

Total votes received

camphor(Cinnamonum camphor, KUSUNOKI)

southern magnolia(Magnolia grandiflora, TAISANBOKU)

kurogane holly(Ilex rotunda, KUROGANEMOCHI)

9,477 votes

5,971 votes

1,539 votes

1,873 votes

(9,383 valid)





City Flower vote-count

Total votes received

cotton rose hibiscus(Hibiscus mutabilis, HUYO)

canna(Canna generalis KANNA)

oleander(Nerium indicum, KYOCHIKUTO)

9,477 votes

1,943 votes

1,391 votes

6,049 votes

(9,383 valid)





On 3 November 1973, camphor (Camphora cinnamonum, KUSUNOKI) was designated as the Hiroshima City Tree and oleander (Nerium indicum, KYOCHIKUTO) as the City Flower at a ceremony held in the "Floral Essence" plaza at the entrance to Chuo Park in Moto-machi.

3. City Tree : camphor (Cinnamonum camphora , KUSUNOKI)

Before the war, giant trees of great age could be seen throughout the city, the huge camphor (Camphora cinnamonum, KUSUNOKI) at the Kokutaiji Temple being a famous example. Their stately airs used to soothe people's hearts. But most of them perished in the atomic bombing. Those Camphor (Cinnamonum camphora, KUSUNOKI) that survived, however, quickly regained their vitality, imparting to the city residents the will to live and the strength to rebuild. Now they are cultivated as evergreen trees that endure all four seasons with color and have come to symbolize the reborn Hiroshima.

camphor(Cinnamonum camphora, KUSUNOKI)

4 City Flower : oleander (Nerium indicum, KYOCHIKUTO)

This was the first flower to blossom from the atomic bomb-scorched earth that had been supposed incapable of supporting plantlife for 75 years. As such it gave hope and strength to the city residents as they poured their utmost efforts into rebuilding the city. It blooms in the summertime, especially around the time of the anniversary of the atomic bombing, when the flowers reach full bloom and reawaken deep emotions as they vie to surpass one another in beauty.

oleander(Nerium indicum, KYOCHIKUTO)


Inquiries regarding this site

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